A lion is a large, powerful cat. It is the second largest cat in the world.
Lions are very muscular animals. Their coat is a yellow gold colour and males have a furry mane around their neck. This mane is coloured from blond to reddish brown to black. They also have very strong legs, teeth and jaws for killing prey.
They live in parts of Africa, south of the Sahara desert. They live mainly in the grassland and Savannah. They normally live in groups that are called prides of around 30 lions. A lion’s home is called a den. Sometimes, lions roam around open woodland and dense shrubs.
The lion is an apex predator. This means they have no predators. Lions kill their prey by using its claws to maul its prey. Then they crush the prey’s skull, making them paralysed, and take them home to their den.
Lions have litters of cubs of 2 to 4. Captive lions breed once a year. Wild lions might breed no more than once every couple of years. Lionesses are normally pregnant for around 110 days and the cubs normally stay with their mums for 2 years.
Lions are carnivores. Their diet is mainly made up of antelopes, elephants, giraffes, rhinos, crocodiles and hippos. Sometimes, lions can eat smaller prey like mice, hares and tortoises.